What is Stroke ?
A stroke or "brain attack" occurs when a blood clot blocks an artery (a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body) or a blood vessel (a tube through which the blood moves through the body) breaks, interrupting blood flow to an area of the brain. When either of these things happen, brain cells begin to die and brain damage occurs.
When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain are lost. These abilities include speech, movement and memory. How a stroke patient is affected depends on where the stroke occurs in the brain and how much the brain is damaged.
For example, someone who has a small stroke may experience only minor problems such as weakness of an arm or leg. People who have larger strokes may be paralyzed on one side or lose their ability to speak. Some people recover completely from strokes, but more than 2/3 of survivors will have some type of disability.
What is Stroke
Types of Stroke
There are two major kinds of stroke. The first, called an ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel or artery in the brain. About 80 percent of all strokes are ischemic. The second, known as a hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel in the brain that breaks and bleeds into the brain. About 20 percent of strokes are hemorrhagic.
KNOW THE SYMPTOMS OF STROKE.
If you have any stroke symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.
Stroke Symptoms include:
SUDDEN numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg - especially on one side of the body.
SUDDEN confusion, trouble speaking or understanding.
SUDDEN trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
SUDDEN trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
SUDDEN severe headache with no known cause.
If you think someone may be having a stroke, act F.A.S.T. and do this simple test:
Know the Symptoms & Act F.A.S.T.
FACE Ask the person to smile.
Does one side of the face droop?
ARMS Ask the person to raise both arms.
Does one arm drift downward?
SPEECH Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence.
Are the words slurred? Can he/she repeat the sentence correctly?
TIME If the person shows any of these symptoms, time is important.
• What should a bystander do?
If you believe someone is having a stroke- if he or she suddenly loses the ability to speak, or move an arm or leg on one side, or experiences facial paralysis on one side- please consult doctor.
• Act in Time.
Stroke is a medical emergency. Every minute counts when someone is having stroke. The longer blood flow is cut off to the brain, the greater the damage. Immediate treatment can save people's lives and enhance their chance their chances for successful recovery.
Stroke Risk Factors.
Controllable Risk Factors:
• High Blood Pressure
• Atrial Fibrillation
• High Cholesterol
• Tobacco Use and Smoking
• Alcohol Use
• Physical Inactivity
Uncontrollable Risk Factors:
• Family History
• TIA and previous Stroke
• Fibromuscular Dysplasia
• (PFO or Hole in the Heart)Patent Foramen Ovale
Stroke Risk Score Card
I don’t know
I don’t know
I still smoke
I’m trying to quit
I am a non-smoker
I have an irregular
I don’t know
My heartbeat is not
I am overweight
I am slightly
My weight is
I am a couch potato
I exercise sometimes
I exercise regularly
I have stroke in my
Score (each box=1)
TO REDUCE YOUR RISK FOR STROKE:
1. Know your blood pressure. If high, work with your doctor to lower it.
2. Find out from your doctor if you have atrial fibrillation.
3. If you smoke, stop.
4. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
4. Find out if you have high cholesterol.
5. If so, work with your doctor to control it.
6. If you are diabetic, follow your doctor's recommendations carefully to control your diabetes.
7. Include exercise in the activities you enjoy in your daily routine.
8. Enjoy a lower sodium (salt), lower fat diet.
9. “Ask your doctor” how you can lower your risk of stroke.
If your RED score is 3 or more, please ask your doctor about stroke prevention right away
If your yellow score is 4-6, you’re off to a good start. Keep working on it!
If your green score is 6-8, congratulations! You’re doing very well at controlling.
Recovery from stroke is sometimes a lifelong process. For many people, recovery begins with formal rehabilitation, which can restore independence by improving physical, mental and emotional functions. It is important for you and your family to know that no matter where you are in your recovery journey, there is always hope.
Myths and Facts
What are Myths & Facts of Stroke ?
Stroke is unpreventable
Stroke is largely preventable
Stroke cannot be treated
Stroke requires emergency treatment
Stroke only strikes the elderly
Stroke can happen to anyone
Stroke happens to the heart
Stroke is a "Brain Attack"
Stroke is curse from God
Stroke is a disease which require proper
Stroke recovery only happens for a few
months following a stroke
Stroke recovery continues throughout life
Copyright © 2010 Stroke Support Group, Udaipur. All rights reserved.
This site is best viewed in 1024X768 resolution, IE 4.0 or above, Netscape 4.0 or above
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in india and a leading cause of disability. The Stroke Support Group, Udaipur (SSGU) is formed to create awareness about the magnitude of the problem of stroke, identifying the disease in time, breaking myths about the disease and helping in correct & timely management. read more
News & Events
Stroke Support Group formation
Date of Inauguration
Send your query at : email@example.com